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Names had special meanings in Old Testament times. Naomi changed her name to “Mara,” which means “bitter” (Ruth 1:20). God changed Abram’s name to “Abraham,” which means “father of many” (Gen. 17:5). “Esau” means “hairy” and Genesis 25:25 says he came out of his mother’s womb “like a hairy garment.” In the same way, the names of God have meaning. They tell us about Him. The purpose of this study is to get a glimpse of our great God through some of the names He has revealed to us.
In the front of your Bible, write: Names of God- Psa. 148:13
Let them praise the name of the Lord,
For His name alone is exalted;
His glory is above earth and heaven.
Underline “Let them praise the name of the Lord, for His name alone is exalted.” At the end of the verse, write Gen. 1:1.
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Circle “God.” In the margin next to it, write “Elohim= Creator; over 2,000x.” Interesting note: this word in the original language is a masculine, plural noun. At the end of verse one, write 2:4.
This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven.
Circle “Lord.” In the margin next to it, write “YHWH=Yahweh/Jehovah (see Ex. 3:15); 6,519x.” When “Lord” is typed in all caps in your Bible, it is this word. God first introduced Himself in this way from the burning bush. When Moses asked, “When the people say, ‘What is His name?,’ what shall I say?” God answered, “I AM who I AM.” At the end of verse four, write 14:18.
And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of God Most High.
Circle “God Most High.” In the margin next to it, write “El Elyon=Most High; 28x.” Our God is “the most exalted God.” At the end of the verse, write 15:2.
Abram said, “O Lord GOD, what will You give me, since I am childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?”
Circle “Lord.” In the margin next to it, write “Adonai=Lord/ Master; 434x.” Nearly half of those occurrences are found in Ezekiel. Daniel uses it 11x in his prayer in Daniel 9. At the end of the verse, write 17:1.
Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him,
“I am God Almighty;
Walk before Me, and be blameless.
Circle “God Almighty.” In the margin next to it, write “El Shaddai=Lord God Almighty; 7x.” This means our God is all sufficient. He sustains us. He satisfies all our needs. At the end of the verse, write 21:33.
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the Lord, the Everlasting God.
Circle “Everlasting God.” In the margin, write “El Olam=The Eternal God; 3x.” At the end of the verse, write 22:14.
Abraham called the name of that place The Lord Will Provide, as it is said to this day, “In the mount of the Lord it will be provided.”
Circle “The Lord will provide.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Jireh= The Lord will Provide; 1x.” At the end of the verse, write Ex. 15:26.
And He said, “If you will give earnest heed to the voice of the Lord your God, and do what is right in His sight, and give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have put on the Egyptians; for I, the Lord, am your healer.”
Circle “The Lord…healer.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Rapha= The Lord who heals; 1x.” At the end of the verse, write 17:15.
Moses built an altar and named it The Lord is My Banner
Circle “The Lord is my banner.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Nissi= The Lord My Banner; 1x.” Commentaries explain that in battle, nations would raise their flag on a pole. This gave the soldiers a focal point and a feeling of hope. This is what God is for us, our Focal Point and hope. At the end of the verse, write 20:5.
You shall not worship them or serve them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me
Circle “jealous God.” In the margin, write “Qanna= Jealous (see 34:14); 6x.” This word has to do with a marriage relationship. God wants His people to be faithful and loyal to Him. Too many times they were guilty of spiritual adultery. We can be, too (see James 4:4). At the end of the verse, write 31:13.
But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.
Circle “the Lord who sanctifies you.” In the margin, write “Jehovah M’kaddesh=the Lord who sets you apart; 2x.” God sets us apart so we can be dedicated to holiness. At the end of the verse, write Judges 6:24.
Then Gideon built an altar there to the Lord and named it The Lord is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
Circle “The Lord is peace.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Shalom; The Lord is peace; 1x.” At the end of the verse, write 1 Sam. 1:3.
Now this man would go up from his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests to the Lord there.
Circle “Lord of hosts.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Sabbaoth=the Lord of hosts; over 285x.” This can also be translated as “the Lord of armies.” Our God is Lord over every army, physical and spiritual. At the end of the verse, write Psa. 23:1.
The Lord is my shepherd,
I shall not want.
Circle “the Lord is my shepherd.” In the margin, write “Jehovah-Raah= The Lord My Shepherd; 4x.” The shepherd feeds and leads his flock. The relationship is a close one. God desires a close relationship with His people. The name can also be translated “The Lord My Friend.” At the end of the verse, write Jer. 23:6.
In His days Judah will be saved,
And Israel will dwell securely;
And this is His name by which He will be called,
‘The Lord our righteousness.’
Circle “The Lord our righteousness.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Tsidkenu= the Lord our righteousness; 2x.” At the end of the verse, write Ezek. 48:35.
The city shall be 18,000 cubits round about; and the name of the city from that day shall be, ‘The Lord is there.’
Circle “The Lord is there.” In the margin, write “Jehovah Shammah= The Lord is there; 1x.” In context, the verse is talking about the city of Jerusalem. Our God will be in the New Jerusalem, too (Rev. 21:2,3)! At the end of the verse, write Matt. 5:16.
Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.
“I am the Lord; that is My name.”